University of Nairobi
College of Education and External Studies
School of continuous and Range Education
Office of Extra Mural Studies
MASTER OF ARTS IN JOB PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
LDP 601: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATION
Question: Employing examples explain the concept of organizational change? What is the function of a administrator in reducing employee resistance to change?
Stephen Gachie L50/71564/08 вЂ“ [email protected] com
Waeni Kithyoma L50/72242/08 вЂ“ waeni. [email protected] com
Janet Ombwayo L50/72255/08 вЂ“ [email protected] com
Ruth Osebe L50/72445/08 вЂ“ [email protected] com
Naomi Karani L50/72370/08 вЂ“ [email protected] co. ke
Dennis Muigu L50/72515/08 вЂ“ [email protected] com
Sophie Thuo L50/72275/08 вЂ“ [email protected] go. t
1Introduction: Precisely what is organizational modify?
Organisational transform refers to primary and revolutionary reorientation with the way a company operates. Another definition of organizational change is wider improvements that impact the organization all together, as opposed to smaller changes in several sections of the business. Organisational transform is also called organizational modification. (steve to provide website url)
Some of the crucial types of organizational modify include:
- Change in quest
- Restructuring operations (lay-off)
- Fresh technologies;
- Major aide;
- Right sizing;
- New programs e. g. Total Top quality Management (TQM) and Organization Process Re-engineering (BPR)..
Organisations change what they wish to achieve and just how. Some agencies change primarily in response to external conditions (reactive change), while additional change principally because they may have decided to transform (proactive change) (Cole, 1996).
Change in agencies can be induced by a volume of external and internal elements (Cole, 1996), which are discussed briefly below, using familiar local examples.
External вЂ“ These are adjustments triggered simply by factors outside of the organization. A few of the external elements that can lead to change during an organization will be: i) Changing consumer inclination вЂ“ If the needs of consumers change, an organization must change to cater for the needs. For example , many food restaurants in Nairobi are introducing healthier alternatives within their menus to cater for the health conscious requirements of consumers. ii) Action by simply competitors вЂ“ What an organizations' competition does might sometimes result in change within the organization. An example locally is the impact competition in the cellular phone industry has already established on the recently dominant Safaricom, whereby the latter is always trying to find new products and services to counter the actions of competitors. iii) Reduction in money вЂ“ A decrease in money for agencies could result in changes in goals and actions. For example because of the current global financial trouble, reduced money for some NGOs has led to a discount of their actions. iv) New demand for goods вЂ“ This refers to improvements an organization makes in order to satisfy a new/emerging demand sector that recently did not are present. A case in point is usually Nakumatt and Equity Lender who have expanded their mission to cover new countries. Takeover by more power partner вЂ“ When an firm is taken over by a even more dominant firm, changes are created to the way the much less dominant business operates to conform while using mode of operation with the more dominating firm, e. g. when ever OiLibya overtook mobil, a whole lot of changes in Mobil took place, including rebranding of all major projects. v) Mergers вЂ“ When two organizations combine, it is inescapable that a lot of changes might occur in the operation in the merged agencies. For example , the merger of CFCStanbic unquestionably led to some changes in equally organizations); vi) Failure of key client/suppliers to meet organization requirements; vii) Change in operate regulations, exchange rates and taxes (e. g. associated with taxes in motorbicycles);...
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Cole, G. A. (1996) Management Theory and Practice. Letts Educational, London
De Jager, G
Dent, At the. & Goldberg, S. (1999). Challenging " resistance to change. вЂќ Log of Utilized behavioural Science 25-41
Folger, R & Skarlicki, D
Hultman, E (1995). Scaling the wall structure of amount of resistance. Training & Development, 15-22
Kotter, J. P., & Schlesinger, T. A. (1979). Choosing methods for change. Harvard Business Assessment 106-114
Tree Kanter, Ur. (1984) The Change Masters вЂ“ Corporate and business Entrepreneurs at your workplace, Allen and Unwin
Piderit, S. T. (2000). Rethinking resistance and recognizing ambivalence: a multidimensional view of attitudes toward an company change. Schools of Management вЂ“ 794.
Schein, E. (1951) The Mechanics of Change, in Bennis, W. G. et al (eds) Interpersonal Aspect, Dorsey Press