DIAGNOSIS AND REMEDIATION OF STUDENTS WITH DYSLEXIA AND DYSCALCULIA INSIDE THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
BY SIMPLY ABUBAKAR SALIHU MADA
KADUNA POLYTECHNIC, KADUNA
Dyslexia is a learning disability that manifest itself as a difficulty together with the visual notation of speech or created language, specifically with examining, while dyscalculia is a learning difficulty in which a person has unconventional difficulty in resolving mathematical complications and clasping mathematical concepts, memory of maths specifics, concept of time, money electronic. t. c. In the Nigerian context, various teachers will be ignorant of those learning problems. The aim of this kind of paper is usually to help instructors at various levels of educational sectors to identify students with dyslexia and dyscalculia and design several strategies that could be used in the classroom to assist students to overcome this kind of problems. Intro
Learning disability is a general term for a various of disorders characterized by significant difficulty in the acquisition of understanding such as listening skills, speaking, reading and writing thinking and numerical computation. Various other learning afflictions include: image motor the use, motor organizing, dysgraphia, attention deficit disorder, retrieval, short term memory, oral perception, oral memory, oral discrimination, determine ground (visual or auditory), auditory sequencing, inter-sensory, dyslomia, depth perception etc . Yusha'u, (2006). Yet , with relatively increasing concerns associated with learning, it has become essential that much interest be given to issues concerning learning difficulties with the objective of determining and resolving them in order that children can learn with relative convenience. It is important to stress that troubles may take place in children who are not however of school era but they can not be detected or diagnosed to get possible remediation until the children are attending school. What effect does it have?
Specific learning difficulties can make lessons, challenging for a child. They may struggle to keeping up with classmates, and may come to see themselves as stupid, or not good. They may find it difficult to concentrate on lesson and because they may not be able to stick to them correctly, they may complain of lesson being " boringвЂќ. The child may well search for other ways to pass the time and do well.
They may try to avoid doing assignment work because they will find it impossible to do it very well. Doing desperately in school can easily undermine their very own self confidence. This could make it hard to keep good friends. Children with specific learning difficulties often become upset and disappointed, so behavioral problems are prevalent. If that they don't get ideal help, the problem may get most severe. Older children can become frustrated, are unsuccessful exams or perhaps get into serious trouble, both equally at institution and outside.
A specific learning difficulty is not a mental health issues. However , kids with specific learning difficulty are more likely than other children to build up mental health problem, for example anxiousness, or have extra developmental disorder, such as Autism spectrum disorder and attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). PROGNOSIS:
Diagnosis is the process of discovering problems experienced by learners in learning; also, it is Identifying of difficulties found by pupils and use of the information to formulate remedial types of procedures to overcome those troubles. Likewise diagnosis is seen as the assessment of students to be able to establish likely cognitive, psychological, health perceptual, social and other factors that could be impacting on the achievements and school realignment, such analysis can also be wanted where dyslexia and dyscalculia learning issues, learning disorder or studying disability etc . are supposed. Wikipedia, (2012).. Teachers have always focused on evaluation of learners learning thoroughly assessing what student have learned through class work, phase test, regular test, month to month test, end of term test,...