January 25, 2014
The heart can be an essential body organ in the heart responsible for pumping oxygen and nutrition loaded blood to any or all parts of the body. It is composed of several chambers; two upper rooms called the right and kept atrium, and two reduced chambers named the right and left ventricle. A structure called the septum is what divides the heart into right and left halves. Four cardiovascular system valves maintain your flow of blood in one direction. At rest, the cardiovascular usually beats 60 to 80 moments per minute which is the size of the person's fist (Dowshen, 2013). When a heart turns into abnormally bigger, it is known as cardiomegaly. Cardiomegaly is certainly not considered an illness, but rather an indicator caused by several conditions (Mayo Clinic Personnel, 2011).
Cardiomegaly can occur in response to conditions that either damage the cardiovascular system muscle or cause the heart to function harder than normal. Having a high blood pressure is a frequent condition that will need the center to pump harder than typical, and as a result, causes the heart to increase the size of (Stöppler, in. d. ). Congenital heart defects can cause the cardiovascular to pump harder by being capable of change the flow of blood through the center (Mayo Medical center Staff, 2011). Arrhythmia and prolonged low blood count are also conditions that can trigger the center to pump harder and lead to cardiomegaly (Stöppler, n. deb. ). Individuals with arrhythmia provide an abnormal heartrate and lack a center that sends blood efficiently. This pushes the center to pump harder in order for blood to reach all parts of the body system. Anemia can be described as condition where the body will not have enough red blood. Heart regulators damaged by rheumatic fever, infections, and etc. and thyroid gland disorders is also causes for cardiomegaly. Sometimes, the cause pertaining to cardiomegaly are merely unknown or idiopathic (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011).
People that have cardiomegaly may experience symptoms like fatigue, swelling, chest pain, and the a suffocating feeling. It can also...
Referrals: Chatterjee, L. (2012, January 27). What is an increased heart?. WebMD. Retrieved January 25, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/enlarged-heart-causes- symptoms-types? page=1
Dowshen, S. (2013, January 1). Your cardiovascular & circulatory system. KidsHealth. Retrieved January 25, 2014, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/heart.html
Mayo Medical center Staff. (2011, July 21). Enlarged cardiovascular. Mayo Center. Retrieved January 24, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/enlarged- heart/basics/definition/con-20034346
Stöppler, Meters. (n. d. ). Bigger Heart. MedicineNet. Retrieved January 25, 2014, from http://www.medicinenet.com/enlarged_heart/symptoms.htm